Superblocks are being introduced with the aim of responding to the city's scarcity of green spaces, its high levels of pollution, environmental noise, accident rates and sedentarism.
A good many experiments have been carried out in Barcelona since the 1980s, to provide more areas for pedestrians, such as the urban redevelopment projects implemented in the city's old quarter, to turn it into a pedestrian zone and the subsequent extension of that model to practically all the old centres of the towns and villages that were annexed by the city in the 19th and 20th centuries.
The situation today continues to see the city streets playing an almost exclusively travel-bearing role, with an emphasis on individual motorised mobility. Barcelona City Council is opting for a more sustainable model where this situation can be reversed, under the appropriate measures, by reducing the number of square metres dedicated to private vehicles and reclaiming (and improving) part of this public space for people.
The Urban Mobility Plan (PMU) for 2013-2018 includes the Superblock Model and organises the city's mobility on the basis of these structures. In order to implement the programme, the municipal government has based it on the guidelines and criteria setting out several municipal sectoral plans and undertakings, such as the Municipal Action Plan, the Commitment to Climate, the Urban Mobility Plan and the Green and Biodiversity Plan.
City Council is aiming to start setting up superblocks throughout the Cerdà street section, extending the model to the districts of Eixample, Sant Martí and Gràcia as well as new local areas such as the neighbourhoods of Sant Gervasi, Horta, Sant Andreu and La Prosperitat.
You can consult the Superblocks "Let's Fill the Streets with Life" programme via this link.