2016-2019 Citizen Prevention and Security Plan

The data shows a stabilisation of victimisation rates and an improvement in the feeling of security in the city and its neighbourhoods, which contrasts with an increasing concern about community-life disputes.

Barcelona's 2016-2019 Prevention and Security Plan must respond to these realities while establishing the goals and lines of action aimed at social and territorial cohesion in the city.

Above all, the plan will consist of designing a common strategy aimed at preventing and tackling those situations that cause community-life and insecurity problems in our city.

THEME 1 - Governance

Developing a collective construction of security. Living in socially inclusive, safe neighbourhoods

Vector 1. To strengthen participation mechanisms and regulations in the area of security in order to include the authority's sectors and social groups that have not participated to date.

What specific need does this vector respond to?

In 1984, Barcelona City Council promoted the creation of its Urban Security Council as a security participation and analysis body for the city. There are also district bodies that pool information and share the development and results of security polices with representatives of the general public.

Act 4/2003, on the organisation of the public security system for Catalonia, provided for the creation of the Local Security Board "as an associated body for the collaboration and coordination of the various police forces and other security services that operate in their territory and for citizen participation in the security system.

This January, the Council was enlarged by inviting representatives of women's, senior citizens', young people's and LGTBI groups and groups from the Third Sector Committee to join.

Despite this enlargement of the Council's community base, the scope of community participation must be defined and specified in the identification of needs and coproduction of the policies that need to be carried out.

Vector 2. Fostering participation tools in the planning of prevention policies, especially in the design, regulation, uses and opening times of neighbourhood spaces and facilities.

What specific need does this vector respond to?

The practice of urban planning, the definition of projects, spaces and facilities, can contribute to making them safer and more pleasant, if the different needs, aspirations, perceptions and priorities of the people who use them are taken into account. The experiences that arise from frequenting these neighbourhood public areas and facilities are characterised by the increasing intersection of different temporalities and types of sociability that may lead to dispute situations and even insecurity because of a confrontation between the expected uses and the practices that occur, between the space conceived by the planners and what really happens there.

Vector 3. Making the structures and dynamics of governance known, by publishing agendas, proposals and agreements.

What specific need does this vector respond to?

The general public's lack of knowledge about the authority's actions in prevention and security has been detected. This can also detract from participation and democratic control of government actions.

THEME 2 - Transversality

Various viewpoints and joint responses from public operators to the roots of community-life and security problems

Vector 4. Coordinating a place where public operators can make joint decisions about prevention strategies.

What specific need does this vector respond to?

Pooling information at the disposal of the various operators leads to a shared vision of the city's security problems, knowing their effects on quality of life and bringing forward the proactive tackling and coordination of the detected situations, as well as providing an improved control of resources and expenses in citizen security matters.

Vector 5. Designing specific intervention programmes, adapting them in each case to neighbourhood community life and security needs, fostering collaboration agreements with the actors involved in prevention.

What specific need does this vector respond to?

Adapting responses to the city's social and territorial diversity, with special attention to vulnerable areas and groups, or those which have special characteristics.

The research carried out by the Department of Prevention Services (2007 and 2010) showed that 50% of the dispute prevention and community-life actions are carried out by organisations and associations. This social capital in the city allows joint action between public services and social operators to be carried out.

Vector 6. Identifying, consolidating and strengthening those intervention programmes that facilitate the universal use of neighbourhood public areas and facilities, peaceful coexistence and safe and inclusive experiences.

What specific need does this vector respond to?

Prevent the disappearance of interventions and programmes that have proved to be effective and are under threat of disappearing.

Consolidate or strengthen the resources allocated to programmes that are of proven effectiveness.

Create evaluation mechanisms for the effectiveness of existing programmes.

THEME 3 - Knowledge and innovation

From information to knowledge, constructing city intelligence.

Vector 7. Reinforcing the potential of local experience as a response to global problems. Highlighting the city's experiences and applying benchmarking techniques in order to adapt successful experiences from around the world.

What specific need does this vector respond to?

Seeking new alternatives for challenges and problems of highly complex cities, incorporating positive experiences that are carried out in other cities whose success can be repeated in Barcelona.

Vector 8. Planning and developing knowledge actions that establish the basis for prevention and security actions.

What specific need does this vector respond to?

Generating knowledge in order to design informed policies and maintain a line of research in prevention and security that facilitates an approach which anticipates community-life and security problems.

THEME 4 - Efficiency

Improving security management, adapting it to new citizen and territorial demands and realities.

Vector 9.  Implementing initiatives to increase confidence in citizen complaints mechanisms and conditions.

What specific need does this vector respond to?

Complaint rates for victimisation are quite low and they also show a downward trend. Complaint rates need to be improved, for a better ratio between real offences and police data, as well as guaranteed proximity between police officers and the general public.

Vector 10. Adapting resources in emerging protection and security areas and in the sectors of the population that are most at risk.

What specific need does this vector respond to?

Registered complaints and the facts concerning victimisation, along with other indicators, make it possible to observe areas with a high concentration of risk factors, which indicate a need for allocating more resources in order to guarantee an effective response.

Vector 11. Preventing and controlling manifestations of interpersonal violence.

What specific need does this vector respond to?

In recent years, surveys and police indicators have shown an increase in new forms of violence between individuals. The victimisation survey indicates an increase in threats and aggressions (particularly between young girls), while the little available data consolidates the idea that there is a certain tendency towards specific types of violent behaviour and relationships (school bullying) among young men and adolescent boys. Meanwhile, gender violence has maintained a worrying rising tendency and other forms of intra-family violence are also becoming significant, which are often not shown in any indicator and do not come to the attention of the police. Reducing the number of interpersonal aggressions in all areas is one of the main priorities of security and community-life policies.

Vector 12. Giving renewed impetus to the culture of proximity between the protection and security forces and the general public.

What specific need does this vector respond to?

The population's opinion of the protection and security forces shows a need for greater proximity, increasing contact and their presence in the territory.

Vector 13. Reinforcing the system of measures and services that benefit the community, as an alternative to sanctions.

What specific need does this vector respond to?

Paying fines has become one of the most extensive forms of punishment for administrative infractions, although its effectiveness in recovery and prevention has been shown to be limited, highlighting the opportunity for social recuperation provided by alternative measures.