Barcelona City Council has given new impulse to the fight against air pollution with the Government Measure Programme of anti-air pollution measures, (November 2016), including structural measures to ensure average NO2 and PM10 levels are reduced, and extraordinary measures to deal with occasional episodes and move towards a healthier city.
Barcelona City Council, in collaboration with the metropolitan area's other local authorities, local associations and businesses, is leading the fight against air pollution, through a variety of initiatives:
Reducing the number of vehicles entering the city
The goal is to reduce private-vehicle journeys in the metropolitan area by 21%, compared to the figures for 2013. These are the main source of pollution, especially vehicles with old diesel engines.
Cleaning the streets with phreatic water
Using water that is not for drinking but which has been treated for cleaning the streets will reduce the quantity of particulates on asphalt surfaces and consequently the pollution they cause.
Promoting a green municipal vehicle fleet
As far as possible, any vehicle acquired by Barcelona City Council or by any municipal service will be electric, hybrid or will use natural gas.
Reorganising public streets
Working to promote sustainable mobility by creating more pedestrian areas and reducing the number of parking spaces for private vehicles.
Promoting non-motorised means of transport
The Council is encouraging people to use bicycles. New bicycle lanes and parking places, green routes and safe school paths are just a few of the initiatives being promoted.
Promoting less-polluting vehicles
Once the Directorate General for Traffic implements stickers for vehicles, which class them according to how much they pollute, the City Council will reward greener vehicles with discounts in green or blue parking zones and lower vehicle taxes.
Promotion of the use of electric bicycles and mopeds
New recharging points will be installed around the city to incentivise their use.
Creation of ZUAP low-emissions zones
Areas where air quality is more critical are to be established, where tighter restrictions will be put in place to cut pollution and help speed up reaction times during pollution episodes. Some of these zones will be close to sensitive areas such as schools and hospitals.