Cinema

Films reflect social practices and perceptions. Some examples of themes that can be seen in the films suggested in this selection are: the different uses of time according to social classes, as exhausting work defined the lower classes of the first industrial age, while unemployment defined the Leisure time, past or future projections, the role of women's domestic work in sustaining families, the frustration of their vital projects, or the role of welfare policies in Family and personal relationships.

Direction: Diederik Ebbinge
Holland, 2013
Subjects: Paternities, Masculinities, Family, Sexuality, Religion.
Matterhorn presents the story of Fred, a Calvinist widower from the deepest and most conservative Netherlands who decides to adopt Theo, an adult with a mental age of five years. A vision of fatherhood, through a history of personal acceptance where dogmas such as sexuality, family or religion are questioned in a very healthy way.

Direction: Richard Linklater
EUA, 2014
Subjects: Childhood, Juventut, Family, Masculinities.
BoyHood tells the life of Mason, from six years to eighteen. It raises reflections on the changes of a modern family and the passage of time, as well as on the different models of masculinity in the family environment. He contrasts the role of the stepfather (a violent and authoritarian character) with that of a father less present and fragile, but complicit and open to emotions.

Direction: Cesc Gay
Spain, 2012
Subjects: Masculinities
Reflection, in the key of comedy, about masculinity from four chapters that explore and radiograph the sentimental and loving life of eight men.

Direction: Matt Ross
EEUU, 2016
Subjects: Family - Educationn
Ben lives with his wife and six children in the forests of northwestern America, totally isolated from modern life, cities and consumer society. When a tragedy occurs, the family has to leave their little paradise, a situation that confronts the children to the excitement and dangers of a world that is unfamiliar to them and in Ben who is forced to examine his vital stake

Direction: Kenneth Lonergan 
USA, 2016 
Subjects: Family - Youth
Manchester by the sea shows the story of Lee Chandler who is forced to return to his hometown after the sudden death of his brother, having to take care of his 16-year-old nephew. Suddenly, Lee will be forced to face a tragic past that led him to separate from his wife and the community where he was born and grew up.

Directed by: Erik Gandini
Denmark, Norway, Swedish, 2016
Themes: welfare state - social policies - personal autonomy
Swedish society has a consolidated welfare state that promotes individual autonomy through social policies that respond to different situations of dependence on people. However, this social engineering has promoted individualism to such an extent that the documentary questions its ability to produce "happiness."

Direction: Peter Mullan 
United Kingdom, 2010 
Subjects: Education - neighborhood - social classes - youth 
The story focuses on the biography of a young man who is living a reality of poverty and violence in his neighborhood, totally opposed to his personal qualities. The place and the time determined her vital develop to impose her personal characteristics.

Direction: Laurent Cantet 
France, 2008 
Subjects: Education - immigration - religion - social class - youth
In a school in a conflictive district the different realities of a multicultural society like France come to the surface. The film shows the complexity of learning in a culturally diverse society, which involves differences of values and generation gaps and delves into a process of historical acceleration.

Direction: Javier Corchera
Spain, 2000
Subjects: Childhood - social class - work
Through a boy who works in a quarry, the documentary gives a voice to children who do not live their proper time, which ought to be for play and learning, and shows a society that does not provide then with what they need.

Direction: Penny Marshall 
USES, 1988 
Subjects: Childhood - family - social class - work 
A child asks for a wish: to be an adult in order to enjoy all the advantages that entails. The wish is partly granted: he continues to be a child, but in a adult's body, and discovers that the life of an adult is not an advantage for a child. The time lived can only be the present; anything else creates huge distortions of reality.

Direction: Gerardo Herrero 
Spain, 2004 
Subjects: Age - family - work 
A plot about the working careers of two women and the effects on their families of the demands of an intensive job. The film starts from two women who have achieved their own professional and personal fulfilment, but question the model.

Direction: Oliver Stone 
USA, 1987 
Subjects: Work 
Amidst the scandals over abuse of insider information of the late eighties a young, ambitious stockbroker falls into the manipulative hands of a rich, successful superbroker. The money made on Wall Street involves a framework in which the time devoted to work is everything. Although we are coming out of the industrial system, the pace of production does not change.

Direction: Fernando León de Aranoa 
Spain, 2002 
Subjects: Family - unemployment - work
A tale of the problems that affect the inhabitants of a town in the north of Spain after the conversion of the shipyards that has left them without jobs. If an excess of work dehumanises individuals, the lack of occupation and prospects also destroys the human spirit.

Direction: Vittorio De Sica 
Italia, 1948 
Subjects: Family - social class - unemployment - work
In a suburb of Rome a worker who has been unemployed for two years finds a job. To do it he needs a bicycle and takes the one he had out of hock, but it is stolen. He and his son spend an agonising day trying to find it. The lack of work and prospects for the future also destroys the human spirit.

Direction: Charles Chaplin 
USA, 1936 
Subjects: Work 
A worker on a conveyor belt is driven crazy by the excessive pace of the work. Chaplin's parody of the dehumanisation brought about by industrialisation and the control of productivity.

Direction: Jon Aynet 
USA, 1991 
Subjects: Does Cure - family - equality - maturity - old age 
Ninny Treadgoode is an old lady who lives in a residence. Chance leads her to meet Evelyn Couch, an ordinary housewife. Two typical lives in our society who are looking for other ways of sharing their time.

Direction: Fernando León de Aranoa 
España, 2010 
Subjects: Does Cure - family - work 
Marcela, a young woman with economic problems, finds a summer job taking care of Amador, an old man who dies after a few days. Marcela cannot be left without a job, which places here in a difficult moral dilemma. Caring for old people is one of the facets of life which has changed most with the organisation of time and the family in contemporary society.

Direction: James Ivory 
USA and United Kingdom, 1993 
Subjects: Leisure - old age - maturity - social class - work 
Stevens works as butler at Darlington Hall, where masters and servants live separate, but rigidly interdependent, lives. The butler's life is disturbed by the arrival of a new housekeeper. The film illustrates two situations that condition the use of time: on the one hand, old age, embodied by the confrontation between the butler and his father, and on the other social position, evident in the lives of work or leisure of the various inhabitants of the house.

Direction: Patricia Cardoso 
USES, 2002 
Subjects: Education - emigration - maturity - youth - work 
Ana, about to turn 18, is the first in her family to think about going to university, but her origins and the loyalty she feels towards her family hold her back. Carmen, her mother, who has had a very hard life, has placed all her hopes in her. The change of social status is also reflected in the organisation of the characters' time.

Direction: Miguel Albadalejo 
Spain, 1998 
Subjects: Education - family - neighborhood - maturity - youth - work 
Three generations of one middle class family live together in the same home. The division of roles also marks the use each one makes of its time.

Direction: Mathieu Kassovitz 
France, 1995 
Subjects: Social class - neighborhood
Twenty-four hours in the life of a group of young people in the suburbs of Paris. How the lack of occupation leads to violence and hate.