New regulation for personal mobility vehicles and bikes with more than two wheels

New regulation for personal mobility vehicles and bikes with more than two wheels

26/05/2017 - 12:50 h*

Mobility. This is a pioneering regulation which establishes the conditions and for these types vehicles and where they may operate.

Barcelona has developed a byelaw without precedent to regulate personal mobility vehicles (PMVs) and bikes with more than two wheels in an effort to solve the problems that arise from sharing public spaces. It is also designed to foster safe, sustainable mobility, given the growing presence of this new mobility which is taking up more and more road space. This means special conditions will now apply to PMVs and bikes with more than two wheels used for business purposes. The byelaw will affect traffic conditions and where they may be ridden or driven, as well as making insurance, identification, registration, and specific routes compulsory.

Barcelona City Council is committed to a sustainable city mobility model which gives priority to journeys on foot, by bicycle or on public transport.

However, in recent years, the latest innovations and technology have led to a proliferation of new means of transport, namely PMVs. And these personal mobility vehicles, which enable a different type of mobility, have to exist alongside traditional means of transport.

The growing trend in and rapid proliferation of these new vehicles, combined with the week legal position regarding their regulation, leads to certain mobility incidents and problems. On the one hand, pedestrians and cyclists share their space with new vehicles that have very different characteristics and, on the other hand, PMV users are faced with a regulatory vacuum as far as the conditions for using them are concerned.

Consequently, the City Council has worked to provide the city with a pioneering byelaw for these new vehicles in an effort to solve the problems of shared use of public spaces and foster safer, more sustainable mobility. The byelaw amendment will come into force two weeks (15 days) after its publication in the Barcelona Province Gazette (BOPB).

A Full City Council meeting has given the final go-ahead to the Pedestrian and Vehicle Circulation Byelaw amendment to the sections to referring to PMVs and cycles with more than two wheels.

Now the city government plans to launch a campaign to raise awareness of the new regulation among the general public and users of these types of vehicles, involving the distribution of xxxx leaflets in the following places:

The material will include the main points of the new regulation and will be translated into Spanish and English in the future.

What are personal mobility vehicles?

They are electric devices which, depending on their features, are classified as follows:

Type A vehicles: smaller, lighter electric wheels, boards and scooters.

Type B vehicles: larger electric boards and scooters.

Type A Type B
Maximum volume 25 50
Maximum length 1 m 1.9 m
Maximum width 0.6 m 0.8 m
Maximum height 2.1 m 2.1 m

What are cycles with more than two wheels?

They are cycles which, depending on their features, are classified as follows:

-C0: for personal use, similar to a bike. Which means their circulation conditions and the regulations to be followed will be the same as those for bicycles.

-C1: intended for an economic activity.

-C2: intended for goods transport.

Type C0 / C1 / C2
Maximum volume 500
Maximum length 3.1 m
Maximum width 1.5 m
Maximum height 2.1 m


Traffic areas and regulations

On pavements: Not allowed. When the pavement is more than 4.75 m wide and there is 3 m of free space, C2-type vehicles can mount it to reach shops and premises for loading or unloading goods.

Single-level streets with no raised kerbs: If the zone is for the exclusive use of pedestrians, only A and C2 vehicles can use it, at a maximum speed of 10 kph. If vehicles are allowed to use the street, B and C1 vehicles can do so at a maximum speed of 20 kph.

Pavement bicycle lanes: All types (A, B, C1 and C2) may use these cycle lanes provided the width of the lanes allow for that. They can only travel in the direction indicated, with a maximum speed of 10 kph and respecting any road signs.

Roadway bicycle lanes All types (A, B, C1 and C2) may use these cycle lanes provided the width of the lanes allow for that. They can only travel in the direction indicated in the lane, with a maximum speed of 30 kph and respecting any road signs.

30 kph zone roadway: Types B, C1 and C2 may use these zones as long as they follow the direction signs and do not exceed 30kph. Type A bikes or vehicles can do so if their maximum speed is more than 20 kph.

Roads:  C1 and C2 type vehicles may travel on all roads except those that make up the basic network (which has a major traffic flow and a city link), where their use is forbidden. However, if the basic network street or road has a cycling infrastructure (bike lane), mobility vehicles and bikes with more than two wheels may use this.

Parks: Only type A and B vehicles with a top speed of 10 kph are allowed.

C2 vehicles transporting goods may only do so for loading and unloading at food booths.

All vehicles must respect the fact that pedestrians, the natural heritage and urban furniture have priority. Users must respect all signs, and stick to cycle paths and routes in paved or unpaved areas, if there are any. Cycling or riding on parterres, in areas and/or zones with any kind of vegetation is not allowed, nor in any zones where signs specifically prohibit it.

Pedestrians have priority because we are promoting road sharing

PMV users and cyclists with more than two wheels must show due care and attention to avoid damage or injury to themselves or third parties, not put other road users at risk and always give way to pedestrians

It is compulsory to reduce speed when going over a zebra crossing, to avoid possible conflict with pedestrians, and take the necessary precautions when doing so.

It is necessary to respect pedestrian right of way, reduce speed when near them and not make any manoeuvre that might put their safety at risk.

Where can you park?

Vehicles may only be parked in authorised parking places.

It is forbidden to tie them to trees, traffic lights, benches or other items of urban furniture when this could affect their use or intended purpose; in front of loading or unloading zones, or in places reserved for other users, such as persons with reduced mobility; in service areas or where parking is prohibited, such as emergency exits, hospitals, clinics or health centres, Bicing zones and on pavements where this might block the path of pedestrians.

Helmets must be worn:

Anyone using a type A vehicle for business purposes and all type B users must wear a helmet.

The use of a helmet is also recommended in other cases.

Reflective elements, lights and bells

All kinds of vehicles must have reflective elements, lights and bells except for type A, in which case there use is merely recommended to provide better visibility on the public highway.


In the case of C1 vehicles, civil liability insurance must be taken out by all natural or legal persons, whether they own or have some other title over the vehicle, for third parties and passengers and to cover subsidiary claims for damages that arise out of the use of these vehicles and cycles by the users they may be hired or loaned to.

If the vehicle is for personal use, insurance is not mandatory but it is recommended.

Minimum age

The minimum age for riding PMVs or bikes with more than two wheels is 16 in every case.

When transporting people in an authorised vehicle (type C1), drivers must be of age (18 years old).

Under16s may use them away from traffic zones, in closed spaces and under the responsibility of fathers, mothers or guardians, provided the vehicle is suitable for their age, height and weight.

Penalty system

The changes in the byelaw include a penalty system with fines of up to 100 euros for minor infringements, up to 200 euros for serious infringements and up to 500 euros for very serious infringements.

Special conditions for economic activities

Special traffic conditions must be adhered to when personal mobility vehicles are used for profit, for commercial, tourist or leisure purposes:

  • Type A and B vehicles with a maximum of two people, which must be accompanied by a guide, and Type C1, with a maximum of one vehicle per person, must comply with the general traffic conditions that apply to the type of vehicle and the area they are travelling in.
  • Groups of three to six people using A or B type vehicles must be accompanied by a guide and may only ride in the following routes marked on these maps:

A distance of over 50 metres must be kept between different groups.

There may be specific restrictions in specific areas and districts where there is a lot of pressure from these kinds of vehicles or they pose a specific problem.

Business operators must ensure that PMV users and anyone riding bikes with more than two wheels have a minimum level of skill that guarantees their safety and that of other users of public highways.They must also tell users about the authorised routes and riding conditions.

Identification and registration of vehicles and cycles used for an economic activity.

A new register for PMVs and cycles will come into force the day after the new regulation is published in the BOPB.

That is because the regulation states bikes being used for business activities will have to be registered immediately, along with PMVs and bikes with more than two wheels used for such activities.

The new register will make it possible to check if these vehicles comply with the regulatory technical requirements, identify them and register them. They will be identified with a QR code, apart from bikes with more than 250 watts of power, which are excluded from this classification because they require a registration number.

City police officers in the Guàrdia Urbana will have a system that will enable them to get a rapid reading of a vehicle’s technical characteristics and its owner, and check if it complies with all the technical requirements set out in the byelaw.

Cycle and PMV identification and registration will be done at the B:SM customer service offices, at C/Calàbria 66.


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