Respect other road users

    Stick to your route or lane

Bicycles must use cycle lanes, 30 kph zones or routes specifically indicated for this purpose with signage. When there are none of these, you may cycle on the road, or on pavements which are 5 metres wide or over, as long as there is 3 m of free space.

    When cycling on the road

When you share the road with other vehicles, try to use the lanes nearest the pavement. You can cycle in the middle of the lane. Give sufficient warning before overtaking or changing direction. Obey traffic lights and signs, and respect zebra crossings. Remember, bicycles are just another type of vehicle.

You cannot cycle in bus lanes if this is not explicitly allowed and signposted.

Just as cyclists must respect the highway code with regard to other users, motorists must respect cyclists on the road. Therefore, motor vehicles:

  • Must occupy the adjacent lane in the same direction when overtaking a cyclist, and keep a minimum, lateral safety distance of 1.5 m.
  • They must keep a safe distance of at least 3 m when driving behind a cyclist.
  • They cannot drive, park or stop in cycle lanes, on roads for cyclists or in bicycle parking areas.
  • They must not carry out manoeuvres that could put cyclists at risk.
  • They must not carry out any harassing manoeuvres, such as not keeping a safe distance, flashing lights or sounding the horn, which constitute an attempt to enter the lane, put cyclists at risk or make cyclists alter their trajectory.
  • In bicycle lanes cyclists have right of way over motor vehicles, even when motor vehicles attempt a right or left turn that would block the cyclist's path. The red surfaces at some junctions indicate this right of way.

    When sharing areas with pedestrians 

It is very important to remember that pedestrians are the most vulnerable road users. Therefore, when there are pedestrians nearby, cyclists should exercise caution.

    Cycling on pavements

In general, cycling is not allowed on the pavement. But you can do so when there is no area set aside for cyclists (cycle lane or 30 kph bicycle street) and the following conditions are met:

  • The pavements are more than 4.75 m wide (5 m from January 2019 on) with 3 m of free space.
  • At night (between 10 pm and 7 am) on pavements that are over 4.75 m wide, with 3 m of free space.
  • Children under 12 who are accompanied.

    Pedestrian areas with a single-level road surface

Bicycles can travel in either direction in pedestrian streets and residential streets with a speed limit of 20 kph, provided they have a single-level surface and there are no signs prohibiting cycling.

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