Works of research

Research groups, universities and other institutions publish studies and informational documents that provide new data, analysis, resources or proposals to know and continue to move towards a management of times and care that puts the needs of people in the center.

Publicación "Innovacions locals contra la desigualtat de gènere a l'ocupació"

Ambit: Catalunya
Subject: Gènere - Ocupació - Economia
Authorship: Coordina: Maria de la Fuente. Autores: Sara Berbel, Sara Moreno, Empar Aguado, Aida Ruiz, Mònica Gelambí, Anna Pérez Quintana, Anna Sabata, Víctor Ginesta, Iolanda Fresnillo i Maria de la Fuente Vázquez.
Review: Publicació monogràfica Ciutats i Persones de l'Institut de Ciències Polítiques i Socials de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, amb la vocació d’abordar un cop més un àmbit rellevant en l’encreuament de la perspectiva de gènere i la dimensió local.

Take time into account in mobility (in French)

Ambit: France
Subject: Mobility- Conciliation - Family policies - Use of time
Authorship: Tempo Territorial and Rennes Métropole
Review: How can we understand and take into account new lifestyles to adapt the offer and transport services? How far can we act on the rhythms of life to change mobility practices?

National Time Use Survey 2017 - Costa Rica

Ambit: Costa Rica
Subject: Family - Conciliation - Family policies - Use of time
Authorship: National Women's Institute, National University 45 and National Institute of Statistics and Censuses.
Review: The document aims to provide statistical information related to the distribution of women and men residing in Costa Rica, to make visible the gender gap in the distribution of time and thus to develop public policies that promote social co-responsibility in care and unpaid domestic work.

Study Uses of Time 2019

Ambit: Ciudad Real
Subject: Family - Conciliation - Family policies - Use of time
Authorship: Formación Integral y Servicios Empresariales SL
Review: The objective of this study is to know the uses of time of women and men in the town of Ciudad Real and districts, as well as the index on their health and measures that can be taken to promote quality of life and conciliation.

Effective time management: first things first

Ambit: Andalusia
Subject: Family - Conciliation - ICT - Family policies
Authorship: Ministry of Employment, Training and Autonomous Work
Review: Practical guide that wants to help people to effectively and efficiently manage the time we have in three different "lives": personal life, work life and family-social life.

The persistent gender inequality in the use of time in Spain

Ambit: Spain
Subject: Family - Conciliation - Family policies - Use of time
Authorship: Marc Ajenjo and Juan García Román
Review: With data from the Time Use Survey 2009-2010 (INE), the daily time that each of them dedicates to daily activities at different times in the life cycle is analyzed. 

Article "New images of family change in Spain"

Ambit: Spain
Topic: Family - Conciliation - ICT - Familiar policies
Authorization: Luis Ayuso Sánchez.
Review: Publication in the Spanish Journal of Sociology. The family is at the same time a laboratory where many of the social changes affecting the whole society are experienced, but also as a basic catalyst for social transformation.

Report CERES 21 febrero 2018

Ambit: Catalonia
Subject: Immigration - Economy
Review: The report has been prepared by the Center for Trade Union Studies and Research (CERES) of CCOO of Catalonia, with the collaboration of the Department of Labor, Social Affairs and Families of the Government of Catalonia.It offers a collection of quantitative data on the foreign population in Catalonia and an analysis of its situation in the labor market. Next, he studies the work of foreign women and, more specifically, the profile of those engaged in domestic work and care. All have as their starting point the need for society to value domestic and care work, so that they improve the working and social conditions of the women who carry it out.

The 6 challenges of coworking

Ambit: Europe
Subject: Use of Time - Economy
Author: Lyon City Council, 2017
Review: The City of Lyon publishes a study on the main challenges that coworking has today. The results, based on the experience of the French city, point to issues of interest also for the reality that the sector lives in Barcelona. 

Economic quantification of domestic work and care of unpaid people in Catalonia

Ambit: Catalonia
Subject: Unpaid care work
Author: Observatorio Women, Business and Economy Chamber of Commerce of Barcelona and Catalan Institute of Women Based on Time Use Surveys (EUT).
Review: This study approximates the quantification of domestic work and unpaid care to give it a monetary value based on an appropriate salary for these activities.

El cuidado de las personas. Un reto para el siglo XXI (Caring for people. A challenge for the 21st century)

Ambit: Spain
Subject: Care.
Author: Constanza Tobío, MªSilveria Agulló, MªVictoria Gómez and Mª Teresa Martín Palomo
Review: The study reviews widely and from different dimensions the social organization of care: its historical construction, the sociodemographic changes that accompany it, the needs of care throughout the life cycle, caregivers and care policies.

Care Architecture

Ambit: Basque Country. Europe.
Subject: Collaborative housing for older people.
Author: Irati Mogollón and Ana Fernández. EMAKUNDE. Basque Institute of Women
Review: The study contextualizes the phenomenon of collaborative housing for the elderly in the Basque Country and in different European countries, pointing out how they respond to the care needs of the people and how the architecture uses this effect.

Ambit: London 
Subject: Time to share - Banks of the time 
Author: David Boyle and Sarah Bird 
Review: Set of experiences related to time banks outpatient south London that have improved the health of its members and the community in general.

The management of the time of work remunerated in the context of the hourly reform

Ambit: Catalonia
Subject: Timetables - Use of time
Author: Esther Sánchez i al. CTESC-Generalitat de Catalunya, 2015 Report commissioned by the Parliament of Catalonia.
Review: Study the implementation a rationalization of the schedules that favors conciliation. It is based on the analysis of agreements and labor agreements of the private and public sectors.

Measures of conciliation and hourly reform. Application and opinion of the Catalan companies

Ambit: Catalonia 
Subject: Conciliation - Timetables - Work 
Author: Town Council of Barcelona and Observatory for Woman, Company and Economy of the Chamber of Commerce of Barcelona, 2014 
Review:The study aims to determine the involvement of Catalan companies in the implementation of conciliation measures and time reform. It has been compiled from a survey of 3,000 Catalan companies comparing data from 2007 and 2014.

Organiza tu tiempo de forma eficaz (Organize your time effectively)

Ambit: Spain 
Subject: Timetables - Use of time. 
Author: E. Marchena, F. Hervías, St. Galo y St. Rapp. 
Universidad de Cadiz, 2015 
Review: Guide sent to students with resources for the organization of the time of study and work.

Ambit: Spain
Subject: Conciliation - Economy of the care - Timetables 
Author: UGT, 2015 
Review: Diagnosis on the situation of women in the workplace, unpaid domestic work and equality and reconciliation policies in order to promote new agreements and policies by the union.

Ambit: Europe 
Subject: Conciliation - Flexibility - Timetables 
Author: Coface, 2015 
Review: Collect proposals flexible working times and good practices in conciliation in the workplace in order to promote equity and reduce poverty especially women. The document is endorsed by the European Commissioner for Employment | Occupation and Social Affairs.

Ambit: Europe 
Subject: Schedules - conciliation 
Author: Elena Sintes. Foundation Jaume Bofill, 2015 
Review: The study explores the possibilities of designing a school day that suits the educational and social needs of children and families. Catalan model compares with models from the rest of Spain and Europe

Ambit: USA 
Subject: Use of Time 
Author: David Reinhard and Timothy D. Wilson. Science, 2014 
Review: Excerpt studied on the ability of people to do nothing. It concludes that most people feel uncomfortable in this situation that affects young people in the same way hyper and subjects from rural areas.

Ambit: Spain 
Subject: Social flexibility - responsibility 
Author: Fundación Mashumano, 2014 
Review: Study surveys from 400 young people between 4 and 30 years. One thing to note, labor flexibility measures are perceived as the main factor for professional and personal balance.

Ambit: Spain 
Subject: Times - Use of Time - Labour 
Author: Workmeter, 2014 
Review: The technology platform collected directly from computers and phones of enterprises and institutions, data that allow them to draw a reliable statistical time use and productivity at work.

Ambit: Barcelona 
Subject: Hours - Working time 
Author: UGT, 2015 
Review: The study basing on data from the INE and own syndicated notes that the economic situation of recent years has reduced the time of the working day due to involuntary part-time work and job insecurity.

Ambit: Barcelona 
Subject : Times - Time Uses 
Review: The research group thinking and aims to change the perception and behavior of Americans on their free time. The site collects various research and proposals on the subject.

Ambit: Spain 
Subject: Conciliation - economy of the care - Timetables - Use of Time 
Author: Club de las Malasmadres, 2015 
Review: Emerged from the personal needs of a group of mothers this report conducted surveys from 4500 shows the reality of reconciling families and the needs of women.

Ambit: Barcelona 
Subject: Schedules - Use of Time 
Author: Town Council of Barcelona, 2013 
Review: The survey brings information about the habits of purchase of Barcelona citizens: type of comerce, timetables of the trades and activity of the buyers.

Ambit: World 
Subject: Uses of the time|weather 
Author: IATUR, 2014 
Review: Type of leisure activities, according to the social status; adequacy of time use surveys to new technology, quality and quantity of time we spend on internet and two studies on the time spent sleeping, are the subjects of the studies included in the electronic edition of the journal IATUR this year .

Ambit: Catalonia 
Subject: Timetables - Use of time 
Author: Initiative for the Hourly Reform, 2015 
Review: Annual report of the civic platform that promotes the change of timetables in Catalonia. Information collection about the axes of work of the entity, opinion columns about subjects linked to the project and especially information about the Commission of Study of the Hourly Reform in the Parliament of Catalonia.

Ambit: Europe 
Subject: Job - Use of time
Author: Coe-Rexecode, 2014 
Review: Updating a previous study on the duration of working time in France, the shortest of the European Union. Based on data from Eurostat the work collects data from different economic sectors.

Ambit: Europa 
Subject: Job - Time use 
Author: Eurofound, 2014 
Review: Study on the impact of collective bargaining on the duration of the working day in Europe. The work influences the time differences between countries in Europe before 2004 and the current EC

[At three o'clock in the house? The social and educational impact of the continuous school day]

Ambit: Europe
Subject: Education - conciliation - Use of Time
Author: Elena Sintes Pascual
Jaume Bofill Foundation, 2012
Review: The intensive day in schools has been proposed as a solution to several problems. But there is evidence that it can improves outcomes and daily life of children and young people? What the experiences of other regions and countries say? This report addresses the impact of the school time organization, on quality and educational equity and makes proposals for a better design of the school day.

Ambit: Europe
Subject: Work - Use of time
Author: Eurofound, 2012
Review: Annual Study of the European survey on working time and living conditions. Notes that 80% of the population is satisfied with the amount of time you work and reconciling work and family life.

Ambit: Spain 
Subject: Childhood - Use of time
Author: Unicef and UdG, 2012 
Review: Resulted from the survey do to 6000 children to know their perception about subjects like health, education and economy. It includes iindicators about satisfaction in the use of the time.

Ambit: Spain
Subject: I Work 
Author: Edenred-IESE
Review: The survey realized to 1.200 Spanish workers analyses the assessment about the directors taking into account the sex, his familiar situation and the politics of conciliation in the company.

Ambit:  Spain 
Subject: Conciliation – Equality - Use of Time - Work 
Author: Universidad Politécnica de Murcia, 2013 
Review: Guide to innovation measures in HR for small and medium enterprises. Includes information on conciliation work and family life and their influence in productivity and retention of workers in enterprises.

Ambit: Province of Barcelona
Subject: Education - Conciliation - Equality 
Author: Esther Sánchez Toast 
Collaborations: Cristina Brullet, Dolors Comas d'Argemir, Miquel Martínez and Sara Pons 
Foundation Jaume Bofill. Barcelona, 2011
Review: Splitting of the premise of the right of the parents to devote time to the education of his children without having to delegate in other society parts, it analyses the impact of the conciliation between personal life, familiar and labour in the education of the child. The study proposes new relations between public and private fields and business.

Ambit: World
Subject: Conciliation - Equality 
Author: OCDE
Review: Macro Study about the support to the family in different states. It collects data of 44 countries on the effect of the crisis in the public helps, the number of children, the influence of the permissions of motherhood and paternity in the feminine work and the welfare of the child, the time flexibility or the measures to mitigate the poverty in the single families.

Ambit: World 
Subject: Use of Time 
Author: IATUR, 2013 
Review: Annual edition of the electronic journal that gathers some of the best articles of the year on the use of time. Study time and performance, daily life and time, or organization of leisure time is some of the themes listed in the yearbook.

Ambit: World
Review: Annual survey of job satisfaction, developed by the rental workspace company Regus. 26,000 interviews from 90 countries conclude that the younger generation and self-employed workers get a higher level of work-life balance satisfaction.

Ambit: World
Subject: Work - Use of time
Author: NEF. New Economics Foundation. Ecopolítica, 2010
Review: Economic proposal to reduce the worldwide working time. The text explores the social consequences of this reduction and working time compaction freeing up time unpaid work, education and personal life.

Ambit: Europe 
Subject: Education - Work 
Author: CrossKnowledg, 2012 
Review: Study on the implementation and future of distance learning on European companies. It makes a tour of the history of e-learning, the percentages of use, evolution, available devices, and the factors of success and failure.

Ambit: Spain
Subject: Equality - Work
Author: Autonomous Community of Madrid, Women's Department 
Review: Compilation of the papers presented at the congress "Noroeste Construyendo Futuro" [Northwest Building the Future], whose objective is to formulate political proposals to help improve the employment rate amongst women.

Ambit: Europe 
Subject: Conciliation - Equality - Use of Time
Author: Joan García Román. Bellaterra, 2012 
Review: The doctoral thesis analyzes the evolution of the inequalities by gender following the surveys of population of 2002-2003 and 2009-2010, comparing them with countries of our environment. It revises dates about remunerated and not remunerated work, leisure or type of couples.

Language: Spanish
Ambit: Spain
Subject: Work
Author: Ranstad, 2013
Review: Results of the survey on the preferences of workers when entering the job market. For women, the proximity and the possibilities to conciliate are the most valued aspects, while men value most the professional projection.

Ambit: Europe
Subject: Work
Author: Eurofound, 2013
Review: The annual report on the working time of 2012, fixed in 38.1 hours weekly average in the EU-27, the same duration in 2011. The average is down 30 minutes on the EU-15 and has uploaded 1 hour and half in the new member countries. The study was conducted to metal, banking and local government sectors.

Ambit: USES 
Subject: Conciliation – Childhood – Health 
Author: Jay Stewart 
IZA - Institute for the Study of Labor, 2013 
Review: Study about the influence of the maternal worktime on the hours of children's sleep in views to organize changes of school schedules.

Ambit: Asia
Subject: Work - Use of time
Author: Daijō Kawaguchi, Jungmin Lee, Daniel S. Hamermesh
IZA - Institute for the Study of Labor, 2012
Review: Study on the use of time redistribution at moments of recession in the Japanese and Korean populations. Less workingtime means more personal and leisure time.


Ambit: Europe 
Subject: Schedules|Timetables - Work 
Author: Eurofound, 2010 
Review: Collection of annual datum about the evolution of the time|weather of work in 25 countries of the union. Information gets together the increase of the work day and makes evident the differences between countries for the one that it|he|she makes holidays and festive.

Language: Spanish
Ambit: Spain
Subject: Schedules - work
Author: Fundación Másfamilia, 2012
Review: Analysis of the work flexibility and the e-working situation. It collect data about the current legislation, disposable resources in the homes, environmental impact and good practices of some companies.

Language: Spanish
Ambit: Spain
Subject: Schedules - work
Author: UGT, 2012
Review: Resulted from the questionnaire carried out to 1164 workers in order to evaluate the social, physiological, psychological and pathological effects of the work in turns and nocturne, it collect datum about productivity, security and work absenteeism.

Ambit: Europe 
Subject: Schedules - work 
Author: Eurofound, 2010 
Review: Analysis of the work schedules from the comparative of data collected the years 2000 and 2006. It gathers indicators on working time, flexibility, equality and balance between personal and labour time.

Ambit: Europe 
Subject: Equality - work 
Author: Eurofound, 2012 
Review: Evolution of the worktime in the Eurozone among 1993 and 2010. The study picks up information about the evolution of the family conciliation and the partime work.

Language: Catalan
Ambit: Catalonia
Subject: Uses of time
Author: Idescat, 2012
Review: Survey of the uses of the time realised in 3248 homes of Catalonia between 2010 and 2011. The results allow to draw the day estandar of the population of more than 10 years and follow the marked patterns by Eurostat.

Ambit: Europe 
Subject: Schedules
Author: John Morley and Fadila Sanoussi
Review: Comparison of the schedules in the countries of the European Community. It highlights the increase of flexibility in all sectors and the neixemnet of banks of time in the service industries.

Language: Spanish
Ambit: Spain
Subject:  Use of Time
Author:  Instituto Nacional de Estadística
Review: La presentación de los resultados de la encuesta destaca la disminución del tiempo dedicado a Actividades de Vida Social y entretenimiento y el aumento del tiempo dedicado a Aficionados e Informática. Entre los datos destaca la equiparación entre las horas que hombres y mujeres dedican a las tareas del hogar.

Ambit: Europe 
Subject: Work
Author: Eurofound
Review:This survey data report examines employment rates for men and women, the impact of children on labor market participation, the various forms of flexibility to support the reconciliation of work and family life (part-time work, flexibility of working time, work organisation and place of work) and the satisfaction of individuals with their work?life balance.

Language: English(US)
Ambit: Europe
Subject: Work
Author: Eurofound
Review:The survey provides information on the conditions of work, including questions as for example the time of work, the exhibition to risks, the health and labour security, the organization of the work, the balance work-life, the training, and the global labour satisfaction. It presents the evolution of the tendencies from 1991.

Language: Spanish
Ambit: Europe
Subject: Work
Author: Jesús Clemente
CES Aragon, 2011
Review: Splitting of the comparative of the length of the working time Europe, Spain and Aragon the study does an assessment of the necessary time for the development of the familiar life and the incidence of the measures of conciliation in the labour absenteeism.

[La política de los nuevos usos del tiempo en los pequeños municipios de la provincia de Barcelona]

Ambit:  Provincia de Barcelona
Subject:  Equality - Use of time
Direction:  Imma Quintana 
Diputació de Barcelona, ​​2011
Review: El análisis realizado a municipios inferiores de 5.000 habitantes es una herramienta para conocer las demandas y necesidades que, desde una perspectiva de género y en relación a los usos de la época, presentan estos territorios. Recopila actuaciones y experiencias concretas a pequeños municipios en el contexto internacional y local.

Language: Spanish
Ambit: Europe
Subject: Timetables - Work
Author: CEC-UGT, 2011
Review: Comparative of the evolution of the working time between 2000 and 2008 from the dates of the Economically active population survey realised by the National Statistics Institute. The analysis concludes that the average of worked hours has lowered in Europe of the 38.3 to the 37.2 weekly.

Ambit: World 
Subject: Health 
Authors: Elisabet Ortiz-Tudela, Antonio Martinez-Nicolas, Manuel Campos, María Ángeles Rol, Juan Antonio Madrid 
Publisher: PLoS computational biology, 2011
Review: Study about the incidence of clinical chronobiology applied to the evaluation of the circadian system in relation to the aging, the maturation of new born, the colorectal cancer, the obesity, the sleep apnea and the arterial hypertension.

Ambit: World
Subject: Time uses 
Publisher:  OCDE, 2011 
Review:Primer balance sobre el estado del bienestar social que valora aspectos más allá del PIB. El estudio realizado en 34 países analiza 11 aspectos de la vida diaria de los ciudadanos, entre ellos la casa, los ingresos, la educación o la relación trabajo / vida.

Language: Catalan
Ambit: Barcelona province
Subject: Time Uses
Author: I. Quintana
Directorate: Area of Equality and Citizenship, Barcelona Provincial Government
Barcelona, 2010
Review: The objective of this study is to suggest an analytical and operational model to enable local authorities to establish local time policies. It is clear that contemporary social changes have made time a new social value, and it is equally true that the local sphere is well equipped to improve quality of life with regard to time, as in other areas.

Ambit: Provincia de Barcelona 
Subject:  Usos del tiempo 
Author:  Institut d'Estudis Regionals i Metropolitans de Barcelona 
Direction:  Área de Igualdad y Ciudadanía, Diputación de 
Barcelona Barcelona, ​​2009 
Review: Este documento, uno de la serie titulada Enquesta de condicions de vida i hàbits de la població de Catalunya (monografías dedicadas a la encuesta sobre las condiciones y hábitos de vida de la población de Cataluña), comprende el estudio de las actividades entre las que los habitantes de la provincia de Barcelona dividen su tiempo y las estrategias utilizadas para equilibrar los diferentes ámbitos temporales que existen en la vida.

Ambit: Europe
Subject: Work
Author: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
Dublin, 2009
Review:This study presents an overview of the length of the working day in the European Union and Norway. The data was gathered with the cooperation of national centres that are members of the European Industrials Relations Observatory (EIRO).

Ambit: World 
Subject: Time Uses 
Authors: Michael Bittman, Judith E. Brown and Judy Wajcman 
Work, Employment and Society, 2009 
Review: This article explores theories that the impossibility of being 'out of touch' leads to increased time pressure and that perpetual contact extends work into the home or intensifies work in other ways. The study concludes that mobile phone use is not associated with more harried leisure, though there is some evidence that frequent use of mobiles is associated with work intensification.

["Flexicurity" in Italy and Spain: Work, Wellbeing and Quality of Life]

Ambit: Europe
Subject: Work
Authors: Antonio Martín Artiles, Pilar Carrasquer, Fausto Miguélez and Óscar Molina
Published with support from: QUIT, Centre d'Estudis Sociològics sobre la Vida Quotidiana i el Treball, 2009
Review: The objective of this project is to assess the capacity of local institutions and stakeholders to interpret and implement, in an innovative way, legislation governing social and employment policy.

[How Much does it Cost to Get to Work? The Cost in Both Time and Money]

Language: Spanish
Ambit: Catalonia
Subject: Work
Author: Maria Gutiérrez-Domènech
"la Caixa". Barcelona, 2008
Review: A study of the time spent travelling to and from the workplace. The author calculates that, on average, a worker spends 57 minutes on such travel every day, the equivalent of around 8 euros a day, or 40% more if they use public transport.

[Work/Life Balance and Young Working Women: New Discourses, Old Problems]

Language: Spanish
Ambit: Spain
Subject: Equality
Authors: Teresa Torns Martín and Sara Moreno Colom
Revista de Estudios de Juventud, no. 83. 2008
Review: This article reflects on the contradiction represented for young working women by discourses about the work/family balance as they continue to face the same old problems whilst no alternative solutions are offered.

[New Times for Work: Between the Competitive Flexibility of Business and Gender Relations]

Ambit: Spain
Subject: Equality - Work
Authors: Carlos Prieto, Ramón Ramos and Javier Callejo, coordinators.
Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas, 2008 
Review: Presenting the results from research into changes in employment and gender relations over the last thirty years. The study is divided into two blocks: the first surveys changing trends in working times; the second discusses the role that the organisation of social time plays in new employment relations.

Ambit: World
Subject: Working Time
Authors: JaneMaree Maher, Jo Lindsay and Anne Bardoel 
Work, Employment and Society, 2009
Review: This study investigates how nurses use flexibility to support time for caring for their families, showing that the complex work schedules generated by shift work are reflected in domestic life, as nurses and their partners use job flexibility to ensure they have time for family care. However, this also competes with the desire to make and preserve free, unstructured family time.

Language: Spanish
Ambit: Spain
Subject: Equality - Work
Authors: María Luisa Moltó and Ezequiel Uriel
Madrid, 2008
Review: Housework accounts for 42.5% of Spanish GDP. According to this study, in 2003, 46,000 hours were dedicated to such work, generating total value of 332,506 million euros ? 7,916 euros per capita. The authors place particular emphasis on existing imbalances in the way housework is distributed between men and women.

Language: Catalan
Ambit: Catalonia
Subject: Equality - Work
Author: Anna Freixas Farré
Published by: Institut Català de la Dona, Quaderns de l'Institut collection, no. 8
Barcelona, 2007
Review: A discussion of new proposals for promoting shared responsibility and the division of time and labour as essential conditions for advancing towards a fairer, more just society.