In the 1930s, large cities such as Barcelona were experiencing problems in health and hygiene, particularly in working class areas. For this reason, the Government of Catalonia commissioned various projects from GATCPAC (Group of Catalan Architects and Technicians for the Progress of Contemporary Architecture) whose main aim was the creation of housing that could be lived in with dignity. But what was their philosophy?
This period coincided with a time in which architecture and urban development were committed to what is known as functionalism (where the function of a building determines its form and superficiality is done away with). They were inspired by the European trends to incorporate new materials, criteria and ideas into the country’s own style of architecture.
GATCPAC made a series of proposals which were committed to improving the location, communications, urban planning, occupation of space and layout of the worker’s houses. Using these ideals, they wanted to address the problems presented such as unhealthy living conditions and the lack of natural light.
Casa Bloc is a clear example of this type of residential building designed to house workers from the area. At that time, the project was both completely original and groundbreaking compared to the social housing that had been built in Barcelona up until then. Now you have the opportunity to experience at first hand all the values of Casa Bloc: practicality, economy of space and the fostering of community spirit.
If you would like to visit, you can do so on any Saturday provided you have previously booked. The guided tour will last approximately 1 hour and 30 minutes and you will not be disappointed!