Do you know what is the energetic poverty and how it|he|she is affecting on a good part of the population?
We can say that a home is found energetic in situation of poverty when incapable of paying an amount of services of energy sufficient is to satisfy their domestic needs or when sees forced to being destined an excessive part of the income to paying the energetic bill of the home.
The causes that generate this energetic precariousness are diverse:
- Low income in the home
- Insufficient quality of the home
- High prices of the energy...
The consequences in the welfare|well-being of the persons who live there are also varied like inappropriate temperatures, incidences in the physical and mental health (including premature mortality in old people), decrease of the academic performance and physicist, social and relational problems (intra and extrafamiliar), risk of indebtedness and disconnection of the supply|delivery, degradation of the buildings, unnecessary expense of energy and emissions|broadcasts of CO2.
The new study carried out in 2014 by the Association of Environmental Sciences (ACA) about the Energetic Poverty in the Spanish State indicates that in 2012, the percentage of homes with expense of disproportionate energy arrived at 17% (more than 7 million persons), and the percentage of homes that declared themselves its|his|her|their home at a temperature suitable for the winter incapable of sustaining|maintaining was of 9% (about 4 million persons). With respect to year 2010, this means an increase of 34% in the first appraised aspect|look and 19% in the second. As a matter of fact, during 2012 the Spanish state was the fourth country of the European Union with more persons in situation of energetic poverty.
Moreover in our case, the question of the electrical fare is especially some problems for the controversies that surround the mechanism of the fixation with prices, especially to|in the auctions of the wholesaler market and the question not solved of the deficit of the electrical tariff|fare. During 2012 we continued having one of the more expensive prices of the domestic electricity of all the European Union, only overcome by Denmark, Cyprus, Germany and Belgium. During this same year, the annual expense of energy had increased almost 50% with respect to the value of 2006.
If we analyze the results for autonomous communities, Múrcia, Andalusia, Catalonia, Extremadura and Castella La Manxa register in 2012 an incidence of conditions associated with the energetic poverty above the state stocking.
So, the energetic poverty is an increasing problem that has consequences about the comfort and the welfare|well-being of the persons. At present, in Catalonia and in the Spanish state, the political and legal instruments do not guarantee the use and the access to the energy at a fair price yet.
Mainly corrective measures of urgency are being applied that act like a main fact, as|like the payment of bills of gas and electricity. Other measures to palliate determinate situations of short-term energetic poverty can be the social bono, but as it|he|she points out the study before commented on the criteria with which it is applied are clearly insufficient.
At present, also the perception among|between social organizations, companies, has increased media and the society in their whole|set of the energetic poverty like some problems that it|he|she is part of a more extense framework of environmental and social challenges.
For more information about the energetic poverty you can consult the web of the Association of Environmental Sciences. The entity Ecoserveis has elaborated a publication about the situation in Catalonia and the Syndic of Offenses has also elaborated a report with one analysis of the problematic one and a series of proposals to palliate it.
Other places to inform itsel can be: The Alliance Against the Energetic Poverty, a civic collective that informs and denounces the abuses of the electrical companies and the Working Party of the European Commission (CCWG), which is carrying out different studies about the energetic vulnerability in Europe.