Organic agriculture

Do you know on which criteria organic agriculture is based and which are the health benefits and the environment?

The organic agriculture describes like an agricultural practice that does not use chemical products of synthesis, like for example the chemical fertilizers, the pesticides and the fitohormones. It has as goals to insure a viable and sustainable system of agricultural management that it combines directed techniques of production, at all times, to the optimum and sustainable use of the natural resources, minimizing the impact of the agricultural activity in the environment, through some good agroambientals practices how they are the use responsible of the energy and of the resources natural. The organic agriculture takes the preservation and the improvement of the ground, the cycles of the nature and the adequacy of the type of crop to the climatology of the zone into account.

The first difference with the conventional agriculture, the one that establishes the basis of all techniques that apply to this type of agriculture, is to consider the agricultural space like an ecosystem. The conventional agriculture based on chemical fertilizers, monocultures, excessive plowing and herbicides, is very productive in the short term but endanger the feasibility of the long-term ground and it is contributing to a loss of cultivated biodiversitat (varieties of fruit, vegetable, cereals, pulses...) that us some cases it is dramatic poetry. Thousands of autochthonous varieties, adapted to diverse conditions, have gotten lost in few years. According to the Organization of the United Nations for the Feeding and the Agriculture (FAO) between 1900 and 2000 it got lost 75% of the cultivated biodiversity.

In Return, the ecological agricultural systems are by definition several and apply different techniques to themselves to keep the diversity biological and to preserve the cultivated biodiversitat: rotations and associations of crops, use of then traditional, covered vegetal permanent, maintenance of farmyards and wooded bands, integration of agriculture and stockbreeding, among other.

In terms of health, the ecological products are free of persistent toxic products coming from pesticides, antibiotic, fertilizing synthetic, additive and preservative used in the conventional agriculture to eliminate insects and plagues and to fight against illnesses. Either the farming is allowed of organizations modified genetically (OMG) in the organic agriculture since these can have negative consequences for the health as well as for the environment. Today there is not been scientific that it demonstrate that the crop of the OMG is harmless for the environment and the human health, and is unaware if the ingestion of plants modified genetically supposes a danger for those who consume them.

Catalonia was a pioneer in the development of the organic agriculture in the Spanish State. At the beginning it went of the hand of groups of naturalist consumers and vegetarians who looked for foods free of toxic. Little by little exploitation family, many of which still used traditional techniques and in those which it was relatively easy for them to fit in in their principles kept on being added and it is at present a sector that it increases in our territory.

If you want more information you can consult the web site of "the ecological Agroalimentària Production of the Generalitat de Catalunya and of the Catalan Board|Piece of Advice for the ecological agricultural production (CCPAE)you will Also find information that" Opcions "can be from your interest in the seen again.