The system was very badly affected by the Fascist uprising in 1936 and subsequent civil war. By the time the war ended, there were barely more than 50 units in working condition. The service was gradually re-established and even extended during this difficult stage, seeing through the strike of 1951, a big popular protest against the rise in ticket prices which was repeated in 1957. The following year Porcioles, then the city’s mayor, municipalised a service that reached its height in 1952, with 358 million passengers. Unfortunately, the plans of the Francoist city council were to replace the trams with Pegaso buses. The result was a long death that ended on 18 March 1971, with the closure of the remaining lines, from Drassanes to Horta and to Via Júlia. The regime’s propaganda pronounced its sentence: “Barcelona is finally free of trams”.
Source: Marc Andreu - Josep M.Huertas, La història dels tramvies de Barcelona [The History of Trams in Barcelona].