Glossary of time uses
Main terms related to time policies.
Conciliation: balance in the use of different types of time and areas of people's responsibilities (work, care, family, personal, etc.). We speak of a balance in the sense of enabling people to make these areas compatible and to be able to develop satisfactorily. To achieve this, it is necessary to prevent women from being the sole recipients of the rights and measures relating to the care of dependent persons, as this may clash with their professional growth.
Co-responsibility: broadening of the concept of work-life balance from a gender perspective that understands that all work-life balance must be co-responsible, that is, that it must encourage and promote an equal distribution of tasks between men and women so that there can be a fair and equitable distribution of the different uses of time.
Plural economy: Approach from a feminist economics that includes the gender perspective that conceptualizes that the economic system is not only generated from productive work or paid work, but understands that domestic and care work is essential for the maintenance of an economic system based on market participation and productivity.
Gender equity: fair distribution of rights, benefits, obligations, opportunities and resources taking into account existing gender inequalities.
Gender equality: a situation in which all people (regardless of their sex, gender identity or sexual orientation) have the freedom to behave, make decisions and access social goods and resources without being limited by stereotypes, roles, discrimination or violence. It is not about people being uniform/homogeneous but about them having the same rights, obligations, real opportunities and treatment.
Intersectionality: Analytical and political perspective that allows us to understand and respond to how gender intersects with other axes of inequality and how these intersections contribute to experiences of oppression and privilege. Intersectionality states that systems of oppression within society do not act independently of each other but are interrelated. Thus, for each particular society, a person's conditions must be interpreted in terms of (in combination) of social class, gender, place of origin, age, sexual orientation, disability, ethnicity, religion, language, etc.
Gender perspective: An approach that analyzes gender as a social construction that produces power relations between men and women where the latter are in a situation of systematic and structural inequality.
Time poverty: a theoretical concept that considers poverty from a multidimensional approach, and incorporates time as one of the key dimensions. From this framework, time poverty is defined as insufficient or scarce time available to rest or enjoy personal time due to an excessive workload, both paid and domestic and care work.
Time policies: includes all policies designed to include the time factor as a key aspect of the design, and driven for the transformation of the different uses of time.
Circadian rhythms: physical, mental and behavioral patterns and changes in living things that follow a 24-hour daily cycle. They respond primarily to light and darkness in the organism's environment. The study of circadian rhythms is called chronobiology.
Daily life time: time needed to carry out the different tasks of daily life (work, childcare, shopping, leisure time, etc.), whether routine or one-off activities.
Uses of time: distribution and capacity (or capacities) to decide on the different types of time, according to needs and personal circumstances in the different stages of life. These uses of time are theoretically categorized in order to differentiate and analyze them, despite the fact that in people's daily lives the different uses of time are interrelated and can occur simultaneously. For the Pact of Time, four major groups of time are distinguished, which in turn are subdivided into other typologies.
Care time: time dedicated to the performance of activities necessary to sustain life, both one's own and that of dependents or dependents. Within care time, we can distinguish the following times:
Time for the care of others: time dedicated to the care and attention of children, games and instruction, dependent persons, etc.
Personal care time: time dedicated to all those activities aimed at the maintenance and basic development of people (eating, sleeping, etc.).
Time for domestic work: time dedicated to the development of tasks related to household maintenance (administrative management, shopping, cleaning, etc.).
Travel time: time spent on public or private transportation in order to carry out different daily activities, whether routine or not.
Working time: time dedicated to the development of a remunerated activity understood as productive work.
Personal time: time dedicated to the performance of activities that the person does by choice and that he/she can decide to stop doing at any time.
Study time: time devoted to carrying out educational and training activities.
Leisure time: time dedicated to the development of activities of personal interest or hobbies, which can be carried out individually (reading, sports, etc.) or collectively (family time, time spent with friends, cultural activities, etc.).
Time for political and social participation: time dedicated to grouping and collective and citizen mobilization (political parties, neighborhood groups, associations, unions, etc.).
Personal time: time devoted to activities of personal interest or hobbies, generally carried out individually (reading, jogging, etc.).