How can we avoid forest fires?
What to do in the event of a forest fire?
How should I look after the area close to my house?

Most of the fires that occur in the Collserola mountain range are of anthropic origin. In other words, they are caused by human activity. Our commitment to keeping the forest safe and our actions in this regard are key in preventing forest fires.

  • Don’t throw anything that could possibly ignite either into the forest or anywhere nearby, for example cigarette butts that haven't been properly extinguished, matches, fireworks, etc.
  • We would like to remind you that between 15 March and 15 October carrying out any forestry work or any activities that could generate sparks within 500 metres of a forest is prohibited. This includes burning waste and having barbecues. Barbecues are only permitted within three-walled structures constructed with this purpose in mind, using a spark arrester at the correct height, unless barbecues in the area are totally prohibited. If you do have a barbecue, you must ensure that the ashes are properly disposed of.
  • Place spark arresters on chimneys.
  • Leave no waste of any kind in the forest. It could cause a fire.

Call 112 and pass on all the information that you have about the fire. Download the My112 mobile application now. This will allow your location to be identified when you ring the number.

If you're at home:

  • If you’re told to stay at home or you decide to stay at home:
    1. Remove all flammable material from around your house - as long as the fire is a sufficient distance away, and you have time to do so safely.
    2. Go inside your house and keep everybody together. If you have pets, take them inside with you.
    3. Close doors and windows, lower blinds if they are fireproof, and take any curtains down from the windows. Soak towels or clothes with water and use them to block any gaps underneath doors. If you can, spray your doors and windows with water.
    4. Fill your bathtub and sinks with water.
    5. Locate the fire extinguishers, if you have any.
    6. Put on cotton clothes.
    7. Turn off the taps for gas and other fuels.
    8. If there’s lots of smoke, lie on the floor and cover your eyes and airways with a damp handkerchief.
  • If you’re told to leave your home or you decide to do so:
    1. Shut off supplies of electricity, gas and any other fuels.
    2. Take only the essentials with you.
    3. Move away from the fire until you reach a place the authorities have deemed to be safe.
    4. Before you leave, assess the route that you need to follow and the safe place you are trying to get to, and familiarise yourself with it as much as possible. If it’s a route you aren’t familiar with or have any doubts about, you should stay at home.

If you're in the forest:

  1. Don’t seek refuge in caves or wells.
  2. Travel away from the fire smoke and avoid steep slopes and narrow valleys.
  3. If you're close to a place that has already totally burned out, go there.
  4. Place a damp handkerchief over your eyes and airways.
  5. If you're close to bodies of water (the sea, rivers, lakes, etc.), head in that direction. If necessary for your safety, go into the water.

If you're in a car:

If you can't escape the fire or drive safely, park in a place with as little vegetation as possible, close the doors and windows, close the ventilation system, and activate air recirculation mode. Leave your headlights on so that emergency vehicles will be able to find you.

There are many advantages to living close to the forest. However, it also means that your house may be more vulnerable to forest fires. Look after the area around your house to make it less vulnerable to damage by fire:

  • Do not use perimeter fencing made from synthetic materials, or from natural materials such as heather brushwood or cypress wood. Prioritise barriers made from non-flammable materials (stone, brick, etc.).
  • Regularly remove any dead vegetation from your garden (pine needles, branches, leaves, etc.) and keep it neat and tidy, being sure to leave a 2-metre gap between the wall of your house and any vegetation or plant debris. You should also avoid the use of climbing plants on the façade of your house.
  • Plant non-flammable species in your garden. Pine trees, palm trees, cypress trees and heathers for example are all highly flammable species that you should not have close to your home.
  • Keep reserves of firewood and other flammable materials (gas cannisters, oil tanks, etc.) away from your house. Keep them in well-ventilated and protected enclosures far away from your house, ideally in an area free of vegetation.
  • Make sure that you have a hosepipe available which is long enough to reach around the whole of your home.
  • Avoid accumulations of plant-based fuels or similar on terraces, in gutters or in drainpipes. These should be regularly checked, and cleared if necessary.

Isolated houses or those surrounded by woodland:

  • Keep approach paths clear and accessible for emergency vehicles.
  • Maintain a buffer zone of at least 25 metres around your house. This must be an area where the undergrowth has been cleared, trees pruned to a height of 3 metres and with a minimum distance of 6 metres both from tree-to-tree and between the trees and the walls of your house.

Housing estates:

  • Don't park on narrow streets, turning circles or anywhere else that may inhibit the passage of emergency vehicles.
  • Read up on your estate’s self-protection plan, particularly with regard to the established safe zones and evacuation routes, and follow the instructions given.
  • There must be a buffer zone of at least 25 metres around the urbanisation. This buffer zone must have the same characteristics as the buffer zones around isolated houses. The interior plots on the estate must be cleaned in line with the same criteria. This responsibility lies with the owners of the estate, so in the case of non-compliance, contact the estate management to let them know that this needs to be remedied.