Many aspects of masculinity models were not previously subject to debate, review or critical analysis in social and scientific contexts. But in today’s political, social and cultural context we are beginning to reflect on the dominant, hegemonic, traditional models and the effects and consequences they have for people.

Reflecting on the socialisation of masculinity, on the limits and prejudices it imposes on people, enables us to analyse its impact on spheres of everyday life, such as health, affectionate relationships, emotions, sexuality, the world of work and accepting responsibility for caring roles.


  • Masculine identity(-ies)
  • Gender roles and stereotypes
  • Gender orders and socialisation agents
  • Consequences of hegemonic masculinities
  • Alternative masculinities