Fatherhood is a complex social construct that is not simply determined by biology but varies according to the historical, social and cultural context. Consequently, the social expectations men have with regard to fatherhood is often marked by values related to the fact of being a father and what their specific role is.

Moreover, the prevailing conception of masculinity in a specific context also modifies social expectations regarding fatherhood. That means fatherhood can take various forms that enable the same father to combine different parenting styles, depending on his individual project, the sociocultural context, his own life cycle or that of his children.

So, historically, men have been limited in or prevented from playing the role of an active, responsible father in the home, as they were expected to become merely economic providers and figures of authority, removed from their home and children.

General contents:

  • Traditional paternity models. Current social and cultural context
  • Types of paternity. Involvement and bonding
  • Presence, participation and availability
  • Affective and emotional support for children
  • Challenges and difficulties of being a father