Putting aside access to education, we need to analyse the composition of non-compulsory studies according to sex, if we are to identify the existence of inequalities in the area of education.

There are two clearly identifiable dynamics in this issue: on the one hand, gender specialisation in the various branches of knowledge at all levels of education, and, on the other, the majority presence of men in vocational training and of women in bachelor’s degrees and university studies. We therefore need to know the extent of these phenomena in Barcelona.

Level of education shows the population’s stage of studies. There are more women than men in Barcelona without studies, although there are more women than men represented in university studies or higher-level vocational training cycles.

Stereotypes and gender roles can be observed as having a strong impact in education on the choices people make in their studies. Boys and girls are guided towards certain academic disciplines since childhood which are socially associated with ‘male’ or ‘female’ attitudes. Such segregation is subsequently transferred to the labour market.

Sport plays a very important role in the proper development of children and teenagers. Many types of sports come with a comprehensive gender framework, in other words, with the perception that a sport is ‘for boys’ or ‘for girls’. This decreases with age, but it can influence people to take up certain types of sport instead of others.