The lack of co-responsibility in domestic work between men and women has been forcing many women to opt for part-time work or reduced working days. On the other hand, gender inequalities have also been occurring in paid work which affect labour conditions: women are subject to more precarious forms of employment, denied participation in decision-taking and rarely given positions of responsibility. This ends up shaping the existence of the gender pay gap, a further indicator of the inequality between men and women in the paid-work market.
The sexual division of work, that is, the division of paid work and domestic and care work between men and women, creates inequalities. In the labour market, such inequality is expressed in several spheres such as higher unemployment rates for women. This contributes towards the feminisation of poverty and also affects the conditions women reach their retirement in.