Gender is relevant for understanding the state of health of women and men. In general, women have a greater life expectancy than men, although that does not mean that they enjoy a better quality of life. For example, emotional health-related illnesses, such as anxiety or depression, affect more women than men.
On the other hand, socio-economic inequalities are a determining fact in state of health, and gender influences the access to resources, living conditions and the rules of behaviour for men and women.
The quality of a person’s state of health goes beyond absences of physical illnesses. Work overload, greater responsibility in the care of others and more socio-economic precariousness put women in worse states of health.