A relationship in which one partner dominates the other. Abuse often builds up progressively and is always accompanied by a lack of self-esteem and independence on the part of the person suffering the abuse.
Affective sexual education
Process of constantly acquiring information and training in attitudes, beliefs and values about sexuality, including effective communication skills and responsible decision-making.
View that puts men at the centre of all things. Androcentrism implies that what is good for men is good for humanity. This is a discriminatory view towards women and trans people, because it relegates them to secondary and subservient roles.
Until the seventh week of gestation there is no difference between the sexes. In the majority of cases, the vagina and uterus or the penis and testicles begin to develop. Some people, however, develop characteristics of both biological sexes.
Movement for people to feel proud of their bodies, escaping the complexes promoted by the patriarchy, racism or the fashion industry and the aesthetics.
Person whose birth sex corresponds exactly with their gender identity.
Term that goes beyond work-life balance and confronts the stereotype that domestic and caring tasks are “for women”. Being co-responsible implies sharing the responsibility for looking after and raising a family and having the same rights and duties regardless of gender.
Educational method based on teaching equality from difference, enabling freedom of expression without using gender stereotypes and supporting students with non-normative gender behaviour.
Bullying or harassment through online platforms in cyberspace. It includes digital attacks such as defamation, control, hacking profiles, stealing passwords or revenge pornography, among others.
Hatred of or aversion to people who work as prostitutes.
Digital gender divide
Analyses inequalities between men and women in training and use of new technologies
Direct discrimination due to sex
Unfavourable situation a person is put in on the grounds of their sex.
Discrimination that occurs through two areas of inequality at the same time, for example, on the grounds of gender and disability.
Expression criticising the time that many women are forced to spend not just on domestic tasks and caring for individuals and family members but also on paid work in the formal or informal market.
Ecofeminism is the feminist thinking that defines a natural, decentralised society with no hierarchy or military, with internal democracy and in which women live free of oppression.
Increased participation of women in decision-making process and access to power. It is also the process of becoming aware of the individual and collective power of women.
Concept according to which everyone has to be have the same opportunities in accessing jobs, social services, housing, health care etc., regardless of their sex, gender, national and/or ethnic origin, disability, age, sexual orientation, religion, ideology, etc.
Concept according to which everyone has to be treated equally and receive the same political, economic, social and civil rights, regardless of their sex, gender, national and/or ethnic origin, disability, age, sexual orientation, religion, ideology, etc.
Man that calls himself a feminist but does not behave like one.
Nucleus of people united by blood or by ties of affection. In western society, the number of families with parental figures of the same sex is increasing, as well as children that identify themselves as LGBTI at primary school age, breaking the heteronormative nuclear family model. That should be reflected in school content and materials.
Systematic and structural oppression towards fat people as a result of the mythologising of the thin bodies ubiquitous in today's society (TV ads, fashion sizes, size of cinema or metro seats, etc.).
Pejorative term for the ideology that allegedly claims the superiority of women over men.
Killing of a woman because she is a woman.
Insult used to refer to people who defend feminism.
Political and social positioning that champions rights and freedoms between men and women.
A marriage that lacks the valid consent of at least one of its parties, through the intervention of third parties from the family environment (often the parents), who give themselves the power to make decisions and put pressure on the parties to bring about their marriage, thereby violating the requirements for the institution of marriage which, according to our legislation, cannot exist without consent or be entered into under conditions, terms or fads. Consent is considered to be null and void where it is not given freely and voluntarily. Such marriages are often for the purposes of carrying out other types of exploitation.
Term used for referring to the legally well-known term “human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation” (see “human trafficking for explotation”).
Alternative, less negative term for disability.
Subtle or manipulative abuse used to undermine a person, often a woman’s, self-esteem and confidence. It is considered one of the most common behavioural traits of abusers.
Sociocultural construct of social, cultural, political, psychological, legal and economic features that society assigns to people in isolation, as characteristic of what it is to be a man or a woman.
Different positions, remuneration and power between men and women. It is calculated by subtracting female pay rate from male pay rate. The smaller the gap, the closer we will be to equality.
Form and way of expressing oneself, tastes and behaviour thatis expected from a particular gender and which is imposed. There is male gender expression, female gender expression and, for androgynous people gender expression is a mixture, which may vary, of the two.
To integrate the gender perspective into all political and social spheres, paying attention to the different realities of women and men and designing measures for adapting or responding to such differences.
Gender stereotypes condition us from childhood to fit behavioural patterns associated with the gender people perceive us to be.
Training in sciences and humanities that tackles thematic content from a gender perspective, paying attention to the impact of the gender hierarchies and social and cultural constructs on which they are based.
Violence that is used against women as a manifestation of discrimination and inequality within a system of power relations of men over womenand which results in physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering, in public or private.
Metaphor about the see-through barriers that prevent many highly qualified women from accessing and progressing in spheres of economic, political and cultural power.
Omitting the woman’s point of view in cases of gender violence.
Undesired behaviour relating to the sex or gender of a person that is aimed at or has the effect of attacking that person’s dignity and creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment around them.
Concentration of women or men in specific degrees or levels of responsibility, jobs or academic and training options. Gender plays a greater part in the decision than free personal choice.
Commonly agreed criteria in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Respect must be recognised for everyone, for example, justice, freedom of expression and movement, equal treatment, life, physical and moral integrity, dignity, privacy, etc.
Human-trafficking for explotation
This is a crime against human rights and is defined as capturing, transporting, transferring, accommodating or receiving individuals (without the need for crossing borders) by resorting to threats, the use of force or other forms of coercion for the purposes of exploitation through forced work or services, servitude, organ extraction, to carry out criminal acts, through slavery or similar practices, or forced prostitution.
Is a language that avoids bias towards a specific sex or social gender. Non-sexist language aims to avoid a use of language that tends to make invisible or hide away the presence or actions of women. For example, by avoiding certain expressions or words that may be seen as excluding women (e.g. policeman) and attempting to use neutral words (e.g. police officer).
Situation where an apparently neutral provision, criterion or practice puts individuals of one sex at a disadvantage to individuals of another sex. For example, where the following is permitted.
Inequality that arises from the interaction of various areas of inequality and oppression such as age, class, sex, sexual diversity, religious beliefs or national and/or ethnic origin.
Analytical and political perspective that an understanding and response to how gender crosses over with other areas of inequality and how these crossovers contribute to unique experiences of oppression and privilege.
Barriers suffered by people with disabilities, especially women and children
Phenomenon linked to capitalist cultural values (individualism and consumerism) that have made relationships more fleeting, ethereal and less solid. Liquid love becomes a consumer good.
Ideas, attitudes and practices based on a learnt cultural attribution of superiority to men, as male, over women. Some examples would be more or less obvious or socially accepted contempt for women, assessing women based on physical appearance or the relationship they have with a particular man or by their use of language, and so on.
Measures of control, domination and patriarchal subjugation that act symbolically and psychologically, and exercise violence against the people dominated.
Arrogant and patronising attitude on the part of a man when explaining something to a woman.
Action performed by a man when sitting down in public, opening his legs wide and taking up the space of more than one person. It shows a tendency to enlarge the male space and diminish the female space.
Unnecessary interruption of a woman by a man in the middle of explaining or saying something.
Hatred or contempt towards men.
Hatred or contempt towards women. It manifests in discrimination and male violence, as well as sexual objectification of women.
Discrimination that arises from the interaction of various areas of inequality such as age, class, sex, sexual diversity, religious beliefs or national and/or ethnic origin.
Objectification of the female body
Represent or treat a woman as a sexual object, ignoring her intellectual and personal skills and qualities and reducing her to a mere object or consumer good. It is an act of symbolic violence.
Situation of balance in the participation of men and women in political, economic and social decision-making areas.
Social and political system in which men and women participate equally in all decision-making and in all spheres of society, decision-making bodies and government.
Form of social, political and economic organisation in which women are confined to the private sphere and reproductive functions, whilst men dominate the public sphere.
Differences in salaries between men and women. Technically it is defined as the average difference (basic salary plus bonuses) between employed women and men.
Attitude based on the consideration that the male penis is at the centre of sexual relations.
Worker in a field traditionally associated with women, such as nurses, secretaries or receptionists.
Specific pro-women measures for correcting clear situations of de facto inequality in relation to men. These measures, which need to be applied so long as these situations continue, should be reasonable and proportionate with regard to the goal pursued in each case.
Preconceived belief, opinion or judgement about a group of people.
Prevention of sexism
Awareness raising measures to reduce the occurrence of sexism and ensure that it is not normalised, avoiding its most extreme consequences (see sexism).
Pro-ana and pro-mia websites
Websites that promote anorexic and bulimic behaviours, respectively. They are often written by girls and aimed at other girls.
Political and marketing strategies that opt for a supposed commitment to gender equality. It often refers to the image-cleaning of western countries which have not achieved genuine equality between men and women but criticise inequalities in other countries or cultures, often where there is a Muslim majority.
Positive action that forces parity between men and women in roles of political, economic and social power.
Social construct that blames the victim of sexual violence. The female body is represented as available to be sexually attacked and sexual violence towards women is normalised and presented as romantic and aesthetic.
Phenomenon that occurs when someone (normally a boy) sends sex videos of their partner or ex-partner (normally a girl) on a pornographic website.
Social phenomenon or cultural construct based on shared beliefs about the supposed true nature of love with a partner. It is often irrational and impossible to achieve and can lead to relationships of dependency, inequality and tolerance of the abusive behaviour at the root of gender violence.
Secondary victimisation or revictimisation
The additional maltreatment committed against women in situations of gender violence as a direct or indirect result of the quantitative and qualitative lack of interventions carried out by the bodies in charge and also for the erroneous initiatives performed by other players involved.
Set of physical, biological and anatomical features of individuals born male or female.
Activity that includes a financial transaction for maintaining sexual relations. Sex work is a voluntary activity that can be carried out by men and women alike and by trans persons.
System that defines people according to their sex, ranking them and cultivating behavioural rules that correspond to these two single possible identities. This structure subordinates women and excludes people with bodies, identities, expressions and desires that are outside of gender norms.
Disseminate photos containing sexual images of other people without their consent. It is a violent and criminal offence.
Sexual practice that consists in sending, with consent, photos or videos containing sexual content about yourself or someone else.
Form of sexual extortion in which someone is blackmailed or threatened to send a photo of themself containing sexual content.
Sexual and reproductive rights
The right of all people to live free of discrimination, risk, threats, coercion and violence in terms of sexuality and reproduction.
Consists of any unwanted verbal, non-verbal or physical behaviour of a sexual nature that is aimed at or has the effect of undermining a woman's dignity or creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating, offensive or disturbing environment around her.
Companionship among women. It is different from solidarity in that it implies altered relationships between women, with the idea that they feel like equals.
Fixed notion or image of a person or group based on an oversimplification of some behaviour or traits observed in those people. Stereotypes are generally negative. Children are normally expected to conform to gender stereotypes in their behaviour.
Violence exercised through a set of thought, cultural and social structures of a given group in a given time. Symbolic violence against women oppresses them and makes them invisible.
A less restrictive and more neutral term than transgender that aims to offer a broader, depathologised scope than the word transgender, and includes other non-polarised identities between men and women.
Exclusion of women from positions of power and their inclusion in lower ranking activities.
Balance between personal, family and work responsibilities. Special attention should be paid to men’s rights in this topic, ensuring that women are not the only ones with rights when it comes to raising children and other dependants, as this affects their professional growth.